A new report by Arup, the engineering and design consultancy, was launched at MIPIM this week.
It reveals how digital technology is beginning to reshape the property sector; changing the way buildings are designed, built and used. The report says those companies which fully embrace a digital strategy will do disproportionately well and have a big impact on our working lives, increase their asset value and create more sustainable buildings.
It predicts that physical and digital environments will merge into hybrid spaces. It’s a world in which 3D printed and IoT enabled desks can adapt to every user, while the buildings they’re in will become truly intelligent. That means they can better meet environmental regulations and provide users with a completely different experience of work, shopping and play. Every element of the property development cycle will dramatically change and improve in response to our increasingly digitalised society.
Developed by Arup’s Digital and Foresight, Research + Innovation teams, the report is based on Arup’s work, including the transformation of King’s Cross London and building performance management across The Crown Estate portfolio, as well as the development of data-driven visualisation and auralisation tools such as the Arup SoundLab.
The report identifies the key drivers underlying digital growth in the property sector, which touch on almost every aspect of modern life. These range from expectations of instant access to information and services, as the capabilities of smartphones continue to evolve, to the falling price of sensor technology, which is changing the business case for investment.
It also highlights how environmental regulation is dictating the need for buildings to be smarter and cleaner. The real estate sector consumes over 40% of global energy, emits 20% of total global greenhouse gasses and utilises 40% of global raw materials. With the required public disclosure of energy use in commercial buildings on the rise, property owners and managers need smart buildings and infrastructures that perform better and cost-effectively utilise resources.
With the property sector under pressure, Arup highlights how faster, smarter and more powerful technology is changing every element of the property development cycle, including:
Artificial Intelligence and machine learning can collect, visualise and analyse data to enable more immersive stakeholder engagement and intelligent decision making. The report also discusses the latest in virtual and augmented reality technologies, with cutting-edge 3D cameras scanning interior environments to develop customisable models that can be manipulated by design teams and shown to tenants to refine every element of a space before it’s built.
As technology innovations like Alexa and Amazon Echo begin to change the home environment, so will they impact the world of work. The digital experience is becoming as important as the physical one for the modern worker, resident or shopper. That means they get greater information from the building around them, putting them in more control. For example, Arup has prototyped desks that can be customised for individual workers or know when the place is empty, so shutting down power to the desk.
By gathering detailed data on properties using IoT technology and combining it with ongoing analysis, owners and managers can ensure potential problems are tracked earlier and dealt with quicker, and operational elements (ventilation, lighting, heating, water etc.) are optimised to deliver energy and financial savings.
What’s more, data collection and analysis across portfolios can lead to more strategic decision making about asset renewal schedules and site prioritisation.
Data analytics is now central to making key investment decisions, combining detailed information from buildings with external data about the surrounding environment. This could be the better understanding of seismic risk factors or training computers to continuously evaluate macro changes in traffic patterns to fully understand commute implications for new office locations. Arup’s work for The University of British Columbia, for example, digitally simulated thousands of earthquake scenarios to identify high-risk buildings, assess how long buildings could be offline, and determine which should be retrofitted or totally de-commissioned in the near term.
Volker Buscher, Global Digital Services Leader at Arup said: “Digital technology is redefining the property sector as we speak, bringing the potential to radically improve our working lives, increase asset value and create more sustainable buildings. However, investors, developers and owners of corporate real estate must be careful – this isn’t about gadgets and equipment, it is about strategic thinking that avoids wasting money on the wrong innovations and inefficient capital and operational expenditure. With the right strategy in place, we can align the property sector with the demands of our digitally enabled society and truly deliver buildings for the future.”
To access the full report here.