Construction has begun on Zaha Hadid’s One Thousand Museum residential tower in Miami, USA. The 62-storey, 83-unit, super-luxury condominium tower on Biscayne Boulevard, opposite Museum Park, will command views across Biscayne Bay to Miami Beach.
Zaha Hadid has constructed very few high-rise buildings and the architect’s first residential tower in the Western Hemisphere is slated for completion in 2017, with over 10,000 cubic yards of concrete already poured. A concrete exoskeleton structures the perimeter of the tower in a web of flowing lines that integrates lateral bracing within the lines of structural support. Throughout the earlier stages of the building process, over 4,800 pieces of this exoskeleton will be shipped in from Dubai.
Columnar lines near the base splay out to meet at the corners, forming a rigid tube highly resistant to Miami’s demanding wind loads.
Designed in association with the local architect, O’Donnell Dannwolf Partners Architects, the residential skyscraper will comprise half- and full-floor residences, duplex townhomes, and a single duplex penthouse. Museum Park, opposite the tower, is home to the Peréz Art Museum Miami and will soon also be home to the Frost Museum of Science.
With structure at the perimeter, the interior floor plates are almost column free, allowing maximum variation in floor plans. The bottom two-thirds of the tower has two units per floor, while the upper third boasts units that occupy the entire floor. The moving, curving lines of the exoskeleton mean that each succeeding floor plan is slightly different from the last. On the lower floors, terraces occupy the corners; on the upper floors, the terraces are tucked in from the edges.
A duplex penthouse occupies the last two residential floors. The final floor features an aquatic centre, leisure area, and event space. There is commercial space at the base, along with several stories of parking.
Zaha Hadid Architects project director Chris Lepine says that the structure—which appears as if it were eroded from a solid—reads from top to bottom as one continuous liquid frame. The tower represents a line of research in high-rise construction that explores a fluid architectural expression consistent with engineering for the entire height of the structure. The emphasis is on expressing the dynamism of the structure in an integrated whole that avoids the frequent typology of a tower resting on a base.