New plans have been released for a self-sustaining satellite city outside the Chinese city of Chengdu. Tall building experts Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture (AS+GG) are the design architects on the scheme which sees a 1.3 sq km city rise up from a 3 sq km site, banded with the name Chengdu Tianfu District Great City.
Predictably there are a number of high-rise buildings, all conceptualised with a focus on sustainability. With population numbers soaring across China and infrastructure often found incapable of supporting such rapid growth there has been increasing interest in the development of self-sustaining cities.
Of the concept - which is due to begin construction in the very near future - Gordon Gill commented: “We’ve designed this project as a dense vertical city that acknowledges and in fact embraces the surrounding landscape - a city whose residents will live in harmony with nature rather than in opposition to it. Great City will demonstrate that high-density living doesn’t have to be polluted and alienated from nature.”
Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture’s concept concentrates on pedestrianisation, the city centre being only 10 minutes walk from any point on the perimeter and the distance from any location in the city to another accessible by foot within approximately 15 minutes. Only 50% of the road area is located for motorised vehicles with residents and visitors encouraged to walk or use local electric shuttles.
On completion in approximately eight years the city is destined to be home to around 30,000 families (approximately 80,000 people) and will be connected to neighbouring Chengdu by a mass transit system. 15% of the land will be devoted to green parks and open landscaped space, 25% will be located to infrastructure and the remaining 60% used for high-density construction.
A stand-alone city, the development will offer the residential, commercial, education, light manufacturing and office space, with a full medical campus to service the needs of all residents. There are also plans for an Eco-Park on the north-west edge of the city which has been designed in collaboration with Mott MacDonald and will use seasonal energy storage to use waste summer heat to provide winter heating, and include a power generation plant will employ the latest co-generation technology to provide both electricity and hot water.
The design has been presented as a model for future satellite cities across China as Adrian Smith, FAIA details: “This project will provide all basic services to its residents through a sustainable infrastructure that supports education, commerce, culture and an improved quality of life. It demonstrates how China can reduce its ecological footprint while creating economic conditions that are affordable for the majority of citizens and address contemporary social concerns.”