The UK, with its long coastline and North-east Atlantic location, has the greatest potential wind energy resource in Europe with approximately 40% of the European total. Scotland and England have annual mean wind speeds ranging from around 6 metres per second on sheltered terrain to over 11.5 m/s on highlands.¹
If harnessed, this resource would constitute a substantial source of renewable energy that would reduce the UK’s CO2 emissions, helping to combat climate change, and would enhance the security of our energy supply in a future where fossil fuel resources are likely to be increasingly unreliable.
The European Council has imposed a binding target for renewable generation to provide 20% of EU energy consumption by 2020. In the UK, where the figure currently stands at around 4%, Government measures to promote renewable energy include the Renewables Obligation, introduced in 2002, which requires all suppliers providing electricity to end consumers to supply ................more