Groundbreaking held for flora-rich Terminal 2 at Incheon International Airport, South Korea
Construction work has commenced on the first phase of an immense $2.5bn two-phase project at Incheon International Airport. The second terminal at this forward-thinking global hub airport has been designed by the HMGY (Heerim-Mooyoung-Gensler-Yungdo) Consortium with the wider scheme also incorporating a second airport control tower, a train station, parking facilities and an airside Intra Airport Transit (IAT).
The concept behind Terminal 2 has been inspired by the airport’s location in South Korea with local culture playing a defining role in the material choices and building form. The HMGY Consortium looked to the Asian Phoenix as a reference point, drawing on its symbolism of authority, longevity, strength and balance.
As users of the new volume approach the terminal by car or train, they will be able to easily see the ticket hall, ticketing counters, security locations and IAT, reducing the high levels of stress often associated with travel through clear visual channels and a sense of place. It is hoped that this advanced visibility, coupled with the connection of the arrival and departure levels by the IAT, will enable reduced wait times and a smoother movement around and between terminals.
Keith Thompson, Gensler Principal and leader of the firm’s global aviation design practice, details: “We designed Terminal 2 to make travel at Incheon even more compelling, offering people unprecedented ease and convenience. It’s a large international terminal, yet it will be very intuitive to navigate and present unique experiences like the vast interior gardens featuring native Korean foliage. Travellers will see this as the new benchmark for airports.”
Lush foliage plays a key role in the design of Terminal 2 with several acres of greenery integrated into the aviation hub. These verdant pastures will envelope waterfalls, koi ponds and streams, enabling passengers to relax in a flora-rich environment. The open green spaces will be bathed in natural light which permeates through an expanse of skylights which will create a dappled lighting effect.
The living elements of the interior space are not only aesthetically pleasing but play an active role in the energy dependency of Terminal 2. Several areas of plantings will lighten the air-conditioning and ventilation loads while vertical cores between floors bring natural light and fresh air deep within the building, minimising electrical usage.
HMGY Consortium (Heerim-Mooyoung-Gensler-Yungdo)
Heerim Architects and Planners - prime and architect of record
Mooyoung Architects & Engineers - consortium member
Gensler - collaborating design architect
Yungdo Engineering - consortium member