The Russian park is designed to rival New York's Central Park and London's Hyde Park
The now approved strategy and masterplan for the multi-million pound transformation of Moscow's Gorky Park has been prepared by independent UK design, environment and energy consultancy LDA Design.
The firm won the international tender to redesign the 120 ha park, which was inaugurated in 1928 and is one of Moscow's most important public spaces.
Its vision is to create "a park for everyone, where culture meets nature". The resulting strategy and masterplan for the park draws on Russia's cultural heritage dating back to the 18th century, creating seven distinct landscapes. Each reflects a different historical period and, combined, they create a high quality, distinct and diverse landscape structure. There are also nine destination activity hubs, accommodating uses that appeal to everyone, including waterfront leisure gardens creating a new river frontage; a new space at the heart of the park for cultural and recreational activities; and the Orangery, an 18th century garden building, a glass house for horticultural displays and an exhibition space where food will also be grown.
Historic buildings make up a large part of Gorky Park's attraction and Moscow Park Authority has already invested heavily to restore several. The plans for the park will re-establish the visual relationship with these important landmarks.
The park's boundary will also be transformed with major improvements to all entrances, and six new points of access. The path network will be reorganised to improve the capacity and distribution of visitors and a new circuit route will connect the seven distinct park landscapes and the nine activity areas, creating a single integrated park.
"Operationally, a successful park is one that integrates environment, activity and management and, from a design perspective, one that combines beauty, vibrancy and accessibility. Gorky Park will have all of these things as well as a rich historical and cultural backdrop," said Andrew Harland, Senior Partner at LDA Design.
"In our designs, we have placed great emphasis on quality of life, health, wellbeing, play and recreation and worked hard to create opportunities for community and a rich horticultural and ecological experience," he added.
LDA Design, which was also responsible for the London 2012 Olympic Park and the landscape design for London's Battersea Power Station redevelopment, was chosen from a shortlist of 20 international firms by the project board. The board included representatives of Moscow City Heritage Department, Moscow Kremlin Museums, the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection, and Strelka Institute, the Institute for Media, Architecture and Design.
This project was issued by WAN Business Information in July 2012.