Buro Happold speaks exclusively to WAN about their Zero Carbon Moscow Agglomeration Masterplan
The capital of Russia is undergoing an immense overhaul. Last year, city officials in Moscow launched an invited competition for the expansion of the city - a staggering 148,000 hectares to the south-east - and have since hosted six workshops for the shortlisted design and urban planning groups. Each of the ten groups has presented their ambitious proposals to the competition organisers over the last few days and a decision on the winning design is due shortly.
Buro Happold is part of The Capital Cities Planning Group with Urban Design Associates, Gillespies and John Thompson & Partners, and spoke exclusively to World Architecture News (WAN) about their concept. Responsible for the sustainable infrastructure and environmental engineering, Buro Happold have devised a complex sustainability strategy that incorporates a new infrastructure energy network which makes use of smart city technologies.
The team explains: “Energy will be supplied by a mixture of de-centralised energy centres to complement population growth and a centralised energy plant. Decentralised energy stations have been incorporated within the urban planning design - these energy centres will include local Combined Heat and Power (gas CHP), district cooling plants by waste heat from CHP and supplementary river cooling. The centralised energy centre harnesses energy from waste to energy plant and wastewater treatment plant, to reduce energy demand.”
The Moscow Agglomeration Masterplan created by The Capital Cities Planning Group is zero carbon, zero waste and zero contaminated water. By integrating a carbon neutral infrastructure system throughout the new city, promoting recycling and resource conservation, implementing a smart grid system to optimise the supply and demand profile of the network, and working with businesses to support ecologically sound economic activity, the team hopes to achieve these high goals.
Design projects of this scale are not without their challenges as Rod Manson, Director at Buro Happold details: “The project offers both many challenges and indeed opportunities, some of the key issues identified are as follows: Cost of remediation and decontamination; Overcoming legal and ownership issues; Establishing short and long term systems for sustainable management and maintenance of the environment; Integrated energy and recycling facilities; Ensuring support services are integrated or nearby and easily accessed; Maximising access through public transport, foot and cycle; Minimising use of private cars and managing parking; Making use of redundant bridges and viaducts as pedestrian and cycle links.”
He concludes: “These challenges have been integrated within our proposed development strategy, with proposals set out to overcome them.” Read WAN’s exclusive interview with Rod Manson here.