Barcode Architects designs proposal for public library in Ljubljana
BARCODE Architects design for the new National and University Library of Slovenia (NUK II) has been selected for display at the exhibition in the prestigious Tobacna complex in the city of Ljubljana.
Prominently sited at a junction in the heart of perhaps the most important academic centre in Eastern Europe, the 20,000 sq m NUK II building seeks to become a compelling architectural landmark. Although the given plot was of great complexity, the proposal of BARCODE Architects presents a pure univocal shape.
By making the design compact and by moving volume from its base to the top, the building makes way and shows the characteristic ruins of Roman Emona on site, while at the same time this creates a public square along the important city junction. The cantilevers created are aligned with the adjacent blocks to generate a uniform streetview and a well-balanced townscape.
The design of Barcode marks a radical shift from traditional library structure. The building provides a public and open visitor experience, by framing public spaces between service layers of storage, workarea and technical equipment. The multiple public routes cut through these service layers and visitors are provided with compelling views into the functional components of the library. Climax of the routes are two roof terraces with breathtaking views of the famous Ljubljana castle, the roofscape of the city, and the Slovenian mountains beyond.
Two meters beneath ground level lay the unique ruins of the ancient Roman city Emona. The design shelters and protects these ruins in situ, and opens them in different ways to the public. In some places, glass plates provide a walkable surface through which passersby can experience stunning views on the ruins below. In other places walls and floors are yielding to give way to the ruins, creating a unique mix of old and new.
The aim of the design was to create a new quality of public life and social interaction for the citizens of Ljublijana and express an openness that includes all people and attracts new users; a vibrant place during day and night.