Heller Manus Architects design International Cruise Terminal in Tangshan Bay
The Xiangyun Island International Cruise Terminal, designed by Heller Manus Architects with AECOM as the transportation consultant, is the winning competition entry, completed in 2011, for the design of a landmark terminal that will be the connecting link for the Tangshan Bay International Tourist Island, a major master-planned tourist area located approximately 240km east of Beijing in the Bohai Sea.
The Bohai Sea is the innermost gulf of the Yellow Sea and Beijing's and northeastern China's main water gateway, serving Tianjin, Dalian, Tangshan, and other important Chinese ports.Highlighting the significance of the port as a gateway to the world, the impressive building design - based on the concept of yin-yang - complements the international vessels that dock there and unites land and sea in a physical presence that showcases Tangshan Bay to the world.
A key element of the competition design brief stated that the terminal should incorporate recent design trends of international cruise terminals in terms of size and configuration. In teaming up with AECOM as the transportation consultant, the team determined that the terminal should be sized to accommodate for the largest international cruise ship sailing today (360m Oasis Class) and give the flexibility to be able to dock on either side of the pier. The terminal uses finger pier to handle one international and two domestic cruise ships simultaneously. The pier is orientated parallel to an existing jetty to the east so that approaching ships can easily maneuver into and out of the berths. The building is arranged on two levels to provide for the most efficient flow of both embarking and arriving passengers in order to minimise wait times.
To promote energy efficiency, environmental protection and sustainable development in Tangshan Bay, the design incorporates diverse strategies,including a green roof to reduce runoff and the heat-island effect while providing space for native species to thrive, public open space and wetland parks in the surrounding plots, water conservation, high-efficiency LED lighting, and glazing systems on southern façades to protect the building from direct solar gain.
On the north side, a major entry plaza, with benches and fabric canopies, can be used by the passengers and their guests as a waiting area. Two ‘Bon Voyage' parks located on either side of the pier offer public space for recreation, picnics and bidding farewell to departing ships. The public will also be able to access the green roof using glass elevators located on the exterior of the building. The glass façade and green roof create a dynamic appearance that will frame stunning views of Tangshan Bay.