New plan for Marringa's former airport district integrates public and private and enforces 'garden city' image
This urban design project is characterised by the curved planted streets that follow the landscape, wrapping the two parks and the two avenues of Brasil and Centenario and running all through the town following an East to West direction. They create a strong urban link, emphasised by the recent transformation of the railways into a large street extending the Adriano Jose Valente Avenue.
To weld the district to the city, the architects diverted this existing system into the heart of the new district Z8. Moreover, the project takes advantage of the greenness of the surroundings by extending green links through the site towards the existing parks.
A ‘green park building’ serves as a landmark of the district, while the very close neighbourhood combines a multiplicity of orientations and land sizes; by naturally extending their design into the site, a simple relationship is created between them. The resulting shape is a succession of triangles is around the runway.
The architects took the opportunity to design a park that crosses the
site from North to South, composed of a set of linear buildings from 12m to 25
m in width. To create a singular event that will become the landmark of the district, each band runs freely at different levels, twisted along the runway and transformed into a park.
The height of the lines are calculated to always keep the view between the park level and the top of the buildings, keeping the feeling of a large generous space and providing astonishing views from the path onto the city centre. The combination of the lines creates various forms and unexpected urban landscapes.
The depth of the stripes allows the generous sun lighting of the facades and open the use the surfaces below. Wind can flow in between them to refresh the spaces. The ‘green park building’, being sustainably designed as well as having a green roof, is the landmark for this unique district. Rainwater flows from the roofs to the ground to form large basins that brighten up the park. Composing a district around a park with water reinforces the idea of Maringa as a garden city.
In response to future needs or market demands, the lines can be configured to create various shapes with high-rise buildings. A solution without high-rise building offers 750,000 sq m, but could be extend over 1,560,000 sq m.
The project is adapted to the actual land use, separating public and private, but mixing up functions to keep away from a city with a large void closed to a brand new district. As in most of big cities in the world, public buildings would work in the middle of private buildings to compose the punctuation of the city. This plan assigns land all around the site, in strategic places from the symbolic, facilities, or design points of view. Then, the City Hall will naturally take place at the crossing of the Main City Link and the new Park.
Composing that new district with a clear image and simple rules, allows maintaining the general image, while each building will be conceived by different designers.
The development of the studies should also allow phasing the project with a strong image from the first stage to the last one.