Grace Bogran and Laura Matute are both students at the Universidad Global de Honduras and will be attending World Architecture Day 2013 in New York (6-8 October). WAN asked Bogran and Matute to discuss the current housing situation in Honduras. The following is their response.
Social housing in Honduras
We are a population of 8 million in 112,492 sq km. According to the National Statistics Institute of Honduras (INE), there are only 1,700,000 homes accounted for, making us a country that simultaneously has the highest growth rate and also one of the highest housing deficits in Latin America. This comes down to a housing shortage that reaches over one million homes with a tendency to grow exponentially - about 25,000 homes each year due to the lack of an official policy on the subject. According to figures from the United Nations (UN), this represents more than 50% of the total households in the country.
These facts merely scratch the surface; we are not only facing housing shortages but are also presented with a qualitative deficit of 770,000 homes meaning there are homes that do not meet the basic conditions for human habitation. For example homes where construction standards are not met thus presenting safety issues or homes where there are 5 or more people per room. In most cases these under-qualified homes are in informal settlements called ‘bordos’, (literally translated as borders) that are not unlike the Brazilian favelas. These bordos lack all basic infrastructures despite being amidst the formal urban settlements.
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