Universe Architecture and Rinus Roelofs to construct mobius house with 3D printer
Discovered by German mathematicians Johann Benedict Listing and August Ferdinand Mobius in 1858, the Mobius Strip is a single length of any given material that forms a loop with only one side and one boundary component. Since its inception, the concept of the Mobius Strip has inspired all manner of designers from McBride Charles Ryan with their Klein Bottle House to McGill School of Architecture for the ContemPLAY Pavilion.
One of the latest creative minds to take a cue from the Mobius Strip concept is Janjaap Ruijssenaars of Universe Architecture who entered his Landscape House into the Europan Europe competition with mathematician and artist Rinus Roelofs.
The project is a residence which takes the form of a contorted circle; a single line which twists on itself to create a continuous stream of activity within which a series of volumes are arranged, producing a dynamic private home.
In a previous interview Ruijssenaars explained that his inspiration came from a house in Ireland: “The location on the coast is so beautiful that we want the design to reflect the nature. Landscapes are endless and our question was whether we can design a home that has no beginning and no end.”
Whilst this stimulus is certainly interesting it is not the concept alone that separates the Landscape House from other residential designs. Ruijssenaars is planning to construct this particular building using 3D printing, creating 6m by 9m panels using a D-Shape machine with the intention of beginning construction in 2014.
D-Shape is a complex building system which creates large-scale building projects from sand and an inorganic binding material using a stereolithography 3D printing process. The company’s website proclaims: “D-Shape is a new building technology which will revolutionize the way architectural design is planned, and building constructions are executed. By simply pressing the ‘enter’ key on the keypad we intend to give the architect the possibility to make buildings directly, without intermediaries who can add interpretation and realization mistakes.”
Ruijssennaars told WAN that in construction of the Landscape House he will combine traditional and 3D printing techniques, with the facades of the building realised through traditional methods and the remainder of the house created through 3D printing. The team has also been commissioned to realise a visitors' centre at a national park in Brazil using 3D printing.
When asked if this process had the potential for mass-production of residential units, Ruijssenaars replied: "In countries where people don´t have the resources it could become a new solution. In architecture it could have a future where traditional mould-making for complex forms takes a lot of time and energy. 3D printing skips that part."
This is not the first we have heard of the potential of 3D printers to realise single houses or even whole neighbourhoods. In April last year, Professor Behrokh Khoshnevis gave a TED talk about Contour Crafting, a construction technology that he suggests could realise entire communities in less time and at lower cost than traditional building methods (see below). Is this the future of construction? Let us know what you think in the 'Your Comments' section the the left of this article.