Rojkind Arquitectos recognised for National Archive Museum 'Lecumberri' proposal
Over the years, this building's long and controversial history has undergone several transformations in order to adapt the property to the uses required by the changing times; it was conceived in 1882, built a few years later and expanded in 1910. The most obvious intervention - and probably the one that saved the structure from being dismantled - was the alteration begun in 1982 to house the National Archive.
This invited competition proposal emphasises the restoration of a building that preserves the nineteenth-century ideas of a vanguard prison, applying the Panopticon provisions proposed by Lorenzo de la Hidalga and reinterpreted by Antonio Torres and Antonio M. Torrija Anza (1882/6-1910). Plans include recovering some of the original dimensions of the project, respecting the transcendent intervention and adding a contemporary print.
The idea of rescuing the Panopticon reflects the need to give the museum a clear outline site that visitors can observe as part of the history of Mexican society, keeping the most evocative spaces free from distractions.
In order to accommodate the spaces with the absolute correctness defined in the program for the site museum, Rojkind Arquitectos proposed to use the residual spaces - those that are not part of the original star - in order to accommodate the units, removing them from the spatial sector, with the purpose of allowing a clear reading of the original building.
To achieve this, it would be necessary to excavate the perimeter; preserving, rescuing and consolidating the relevant remains. To preserve the integrity of the proposal while protecting the palimpsest, the excavated areas are wrapped, respecting the important traces, taking advantage of the areas for the new use of the building and greatly expanding the botanical display surfaces.
The spacious garden, now three times bigger on the surface area, will be closely linked to the perception and contrast of the bays, creating a contrast of the cell sites with the magnificent gardens. This design provides enough topsoil for planting and growing representative and important species for the preservation of diversity.