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The Role of Architecture in Humanity's Story
Vikas Shah

As part of a series of interviews for Thought Economics, Vikas Shah spoke to Martha Thorne (Executive Director of the Pritzker Prize), Richard Rogers (architect of the Pompidou Centre in Paris, the Lloyds building and Millennium Dome in London and founder of Rogers, Stirk, Harbour + Partners) and Mohsen Mostafavi (Dean of the Harvard Graduate School of Design and the Alexander and Victoria Wiley Professor of Design). The three respected industry experts discuss the very nature of architecture itself, how it relates to culture and topics ranging from the nature of cities, how buildings influence our lives and the future of architecture itself.

Q: What is the fundamental purpose of architecture?

[Martha Thorne] That's a very simple yet complicated question. Architecture exists to create the physical environment in which people live. Obviously that's a very simple answer, but if we deep digger we see the complexities. What is the built environment? what constitutes quality of life? how do architects determine whether something is positive, helpful or relevant for individuals and collectives?

[Richard Rogers] It serves society and improves quality of life. It's a physical manifestation of the society's wishes to be civilised! ...public domain being the obvious place which encapsulates this as buildings, alongside being art and science, are part of the public domain.

[Prof. Mohsen Mostafavi] Architecture should fulfil multiple criteria. One of its purposes is to itself. A lot of people believe to some degree, in the autonomy of architecture as a discipline which means that part of the purpose of architecture is to construct new forms of knowledge that relate to the enhancement and advancement of the discipline itself. In a way, this is inseparable from the performance or performativity of architecture in terms of its responsibilities to engage with the society at large. There is, in a sense, a purposive dimension to architecture which really provides the symbolic ideas of habitation and- broadly- serving the humankind.

It's both this version of architecture that removes purpose, and one that really engages it fully in a purposive dimension. I think the simultaneity of these two conditions that's key.

Q: What have been the most significant eras in architecture?

[Richard Rogers] Every successful period history was modern during its time, so we see that change is a continuous process. The big changes in terms of 'modern architecture' are not only because of a modern-eye which moved from impressionism to modernism, but also new technology. It's been a stripping-down in many ways from the amazingly enriched periods like Baroque and Rococo to a more 'economic' visual time.

Every age thinks it's making the environment more human, but changes are always reflected. If I had to say what the greatest change has been in my more than 50 years as an architect? It is sustainable ecology. It has made tremendous changes to architecture... not enough... but still impactful.

If we go back through history to the beginning of the modern movement, the big change came in the form of the steel frame in Chicago, the lift and the telephone. You simply couldn't build high-rise buildings without these two innovations.

[Prof. Mohsen Mostafavi] We are very aware of distinct periods. When we now reflect on the medieval period, the renaissance or the baroque.... each of these temporal moments in reality are identified to us because of their specificity, differences in approach and differences in outcome. Many of the qualities that we find in baroque architecture are (or at least should be) of incredible relevance to what we do today.

It's not necessarily that we see a direct link between medieval, renaissance, baroque and contemporary practices- but there is no reason why we shouldn't be able to learn from them. Surely the purpose of teaching history in context of architecture is to make that material alive, make it present and to be inspired and learn.

Today we are more influenced by the tradition of enlightened thought- simply because there is a greater connection between the philosophies of that period and the notions and concepts of modernity and modernism.

I think one of the most wonderful periods of architectural advancement was the baroque. It's not clear to me that we have understood, studied and analysed this period sufficiently to understand the ways we could benefit from it.

Q: What has been the impact of technology on the last quarter century of architecture?

[Martha Thorne] Technology has affected several aspects of architecture and the wider field. One aspect is that some people are concentrating on form-making... because they can! Computers and the use of parametric models have made it much more feasible to create unique forms. Many people see this as a very important part of the discipline.

There are other aspects where technology has, and will continue, to have an effect. One has to do with the relationship of people who are undertaking architecture, and the building process. There's much more communication now between architects, engineers, contractors, builders and all other stakeholders in the building process. The way design and construction were traditionally undertaken was much more linear First you had the architect, then the engineer, then the builder and so on. Now it's much more integrated and unified. I think the jury is out in terms of whether this is leading to better buildings, but it has the potential to profoundly change the landscape of building.

The next area where technology has had a big impact has to do with the possibilities it opens up for construction. In the past, either standard products had to be purchased off-the-shelf- with the limitations they had. The only other option was for things to be custom made by hand, which was very expensive. Technology has made it much easier to send information from studio to production. It's now possible to do mass-customised elements for buildings. In the building process, that type of potential should definitely lead to better quality in construction... more possibilities for innovation and, hopefully, more creativity.

[Richard Rogers] Right now, without a doubt, the web is the greatest single change agent. The fact that we can communicate globally at practically zero cost is astonishing. I have a meeting after this with a co-architect who is based in Beijing and we will be drawing together via the net.

Interestingly when the IT revolution began, there was talk about people retiring to their villas in the mountains using technology to communicate. The opposite has in fact happened because people want to be together, they want to communicate and you only have to go somewhere like Canary Wharf to see the vitality that exists after work because people want to be together.

Q: What are your views on urbanisation and do we need to rethink the concept of 'the city'?

[Prof. Mohsen Mostafavi] The concept of the city is often ahead of us. In many parts of the world, people are urbanising districts much faster than architects and planners have time, energy and resources to deal with. Thinking about the future of the city is a critical topic, and one that we need to spend more time on. The tools we have in terms of thinking about cities are fairly old fashioned. We are the inheritors of modernist planning and are now seeing such a rapid shift from rural to urban that these tools are incapable of dealing with new forms of urbanisation. What is clear is that the whole topic of infrastructure and infrastructural-urbanisation is a first step to thinking about future cities. This is an area that requires more attention.

There isn't much expertise in the world to deal with the intersection of infrastructure, urban planning and public space. Infrastructure is thought of as part of engineering as opposed to thinking about the relationship for example, between infrastructure and its impact on urbanisation.

In terms of the future of cities... the big challenges will centre around the questions of extreme urbanisation, fast urbanisation, climate change and more. We must think very differently than we ever have done about how we plan cities and move away from master planning and separation of functions. We have been able to learn a lot from cities as they've grown organically but now we need new tools and techniques for imagining the cities of the future.

We are also faced with limitations on resources and must think creatively through these challenges to innovate and consider new types of urban environments that are really sustainable in the long-run. Many of these themes are being discussed from the point of view of assessment... insofar as we ask the question as to whether a city is liveable... but we should really be thinking from the perspective of production. How do you create new spaces that are quite different than the spaces we are used to. That's a big challenge!

Q: What is the economic and social role of signature buildings?

[Richard Rogers] I take signature to mean buildings which are recognised. If I take Pompidou, the first paragraph of our report (which we had to submit with our drawings) was that this should be a place for people, all ages, all creeds, the poor, the rich, a place for meeting. That explains the social context which drove the form in a way... Pompidou had a big piazza, continuation of the public space up the facade, interior flexibility and more.

This need for flexibility was critical. In the renaissance, the era of the 'monument', it was said that when a building was perfect nothing could be changed, nothing could be added to. Today it's nearly the reverse, if you can't add to it- it becomes a white elephant! Buildings frequently outlive their uses, and if we're talking about sustainability it stands that one would not wish to demolish a building and that it should be flexible for the communities who use it. I used to say as an example that the Lloyds Insurance building could be used as a university one day. At the time we built Lloyds Insurance, the IT revolution was just starting and questions were raised about why the building would need meeting spaces, market spaces and so on. Things can be very temporary...

Buildings also help to form the identity of a place. You can see the life of the people and community expressed in architecture and hopefully if these spaces are well-designed, they will positively affect the people within them. If you are unfortunate enough to live in a brutal derelict space then you, yourself, will be affected. Those of us who are lucky enough to live in nice green areas and areas with good public spaces most likely have a better chance at enjoying life and- I suppose- play a role as citizens.

Read Vikas Shah's full interview with Martha Thorne, Richard Rogers and Mohsen Mostafavi here.

 

 

WAN Editorial



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WAN AWARDS 2011
Paper Planes, Nicolas
Objects of Change
Kingdom Tower
Shanghai Disney Resort
Colorado State University
Editorial
WAN AWARDS 2011
WAN App
Editorial
PART LIb
EUROLUCE 2011
BREAKING NEWS: TORD BOONTJE
Editorial
Yale University
Editorial
Strange But True
Pan Am Games Award Pavilion
WAN AWARDS – Hotel of
Tower of Pisa
WAN AWARDS – Healthcare
Editorial
Helsinki Music Centre
Tesseract Humanitarian
Editorial
City of Gandhinagar
smart Future Minds
London 2012 Shooting Venue
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Civic
World Trade Center update
MILAN FURNITURE FAIR 2011
WAN AWARDS 2011
RIBA International Awards
208 West 96th Street
Open House Conference
Bosch Art Film Festival
Sketchbook
Intersections:
Apple HQ
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Hotel of
WAN AWARDS 2011 -
Work in Progress
Editorial
Work in Progress
DETAIL Magazine
Editorial
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Hotel of
Coffee with an Architect
ICFF 2011
CLERKENWELL DESIGN WEEK
Nebuta-no-ie Warrase
WAN AWARDS 2011 -
Taiwan competitions
Work in Progress
Pulsen – The Community
Shahama and Bahia
Wales Institute for
Central Delaware River
The Glass Room
Work in Progress
DETAIL Magazine
Taiwan competitions
Editorial
Editorial
Work in Progress
Praemium Imperiale
Before I Die...
WAN INTERIORS + DESIGN
Venice Cityvision
Work in Progress
Editorial
Bauhaus Museum
Editorial
New Practices New York and
European Copper in
DEADLINE CHAPTER 3
Is-land
Indiana State University
Work in Progress
DETAIL Magazine
Architect Barbie®
$300 House Open Design
Editorial
DEADLINE CHAPTER 4
The Art of Building
Editorial
AIA Pavilion
Orchids & Onions Awards
Historic Park Inn Hotel
Ponte dell'Accademia
Why don't our workspaces
WAN INTERIORS + DESIGN
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Civic
WAN AWARDS 2011- Product
DEADLINE CHAPTER 5
Rawhide: The New Shingle
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Civic
Victoria Theatre and
Jerusalem Light Railway
Effectiveness in
DEADLIINE CHAPTER 6
Bering Strait tunnel
ROOMSCAPES OF THE
Health Centre for the
Bancroft on Sunday
WAN AWARDS 2011- Product
Talk to Me
One Green Street
10,000th LEED Building
Tallinn Architecture
2012 Industry Outlook
BJDW ALT, Parsons The New
DEADLINE CHAPTER 6
Detail
Martin Luther King Jr
EXPO City
How 9/11 changed Lower
Open City
WAN AWARDS 2011 -
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Colour
Architect Twitter Map
WAN AWARDS Colour in
COMMENT: ZIBA
China silenced by illegal
LEAF Awards 2011
Still Movement
Danish architects lead the
Private Residence,
Cityscape Global Awards
RIBA Curriculum
Architecture Film Festival
2012 World Monuments Watch
Urban design in Cairo
ECO WAN Feature
Colour Futures
Sjunkhatten National Park
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Urban
WAN AWARDS 2011 -
Longxi International Hotel
Marthagården Day Care
Siódemka
New Chairman of the CTBUH
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Urban
WAN AWARDS 2011 -
WAN AWARDS Commercial
WAN Colour in Architecture
A Zen approach to
IRTBBC
Tom Kundig: Houses 2
Dean vacancy at Illinois
Haramain High Speed Rail
WAN Colour in Architecture
CTBUH Best Tall Building
ECOWAN AWARDS 2012
Battery-Powered Building,
The Center for
WAN Product of the Year
World Future Energy Summit
Cracks appear in Olympic
COMMENT: CHALK ARCHITECTURE
DETAIL Magazine
Campaign for sustainable
£5 Olympic Coins
Michael Hammond interviews
Hospital numbers to
WAN AWARDS 2011 –
WAN House of the Year
BOOK REVIEW: THE ART OF
City-wide masterplan
Building the Revolution:
Jørn Utzon workshop
Ski slope cabin
Shower theory turned on
Bamboo Chocolate Factory
DETAIL Magazine
St. Petersburg Pier
2012 Royal Gold Medal for
Parque Termal Dolores
Olympic Park competition
African American Cultural
Energy Surplus House
Gales wreck wind turbines
Hyotan hot spings
10x10 Review
2011 WAN AWARDS Colour
2011 WAN AWARDS Commercial
Palestinian Museum
Queen Elizabeth Olympic
The top 10 stories of 2011
WAN AWARDS 2011 –
2011 WAN AWARDS Commercial
WAN House of the Year
Tarlungeni Open Space
CARE International Tsunami
Steve Jobs Statue
WAN launches three new
Cost saving scandal casts
Colour in architecture
HS2
Hotel de Glace
T30 Hotel
Guggenheim Museum
RUN, Olympic Park
RIBA President’s Medals
Financial experts voice
Kodak’s legacy
Plastic Bottle Lights
RULA Maps
Three buildings collapse
Strange But True
Building Trust
The Near and the Elsewhere
The Finnish line
MoMA PS1 Performance Dome
120 Hours
Education design forced to
Wind Turbines
CTV Building
African Union Headquarters
WAN House of the Year
2011 WAN AWARDS
Cultural Projects
Case Study: 15 Union
Jiri Pelcl - The
2011 WAN AWARDS
WAN AWARDS 21 FOR 21
Napoleonland
ENYA Harlem Edge Design
Inspiration and Process in
Moscow Agglomeration
New York’s Center for
Zap' Ados
Lusail Marina Mall
Green Building and Climate
WAN INTERIOR DESIGN AWARDS
Ben Marshall joins WAN
Levitated Mass
Museum of Contemporary Art
Paul Morgan Architects
Made in USA - German
Future Housing
Wacom Inkling
Air Danshin Systems Inc
Angkor Wat Replica
North West Cambridge
The Architect Trailer
Sino-Singapore Tianjin
Changes to UK Planning Laws
Book Review: Spomenik and
Healthcare Awards get
Pedestrian Bridge
ACE signs Tangiers
New NPPF finalised
WAN AWARDS 2012 21 for 21
WAN AWARDS 2012 Education
New York Works Program
Vissershok Primary School
Urban Explorers climb the
'From Beijing to London:
WAN AWARDS 2012 Education
Citizens of No Place: An
Nuclear Test Site
New addition to WAN
Azerbaijan Tower
What makes an architect?
Earthquake Experiments at
WAN Jobs
WAN AWARDS 2012 21 for 21
Orangutans as Engineers
Kampala - Entebbe Highway
Aga Khan Award for
WAN Innovation Network
Qatar 2022 Supreme
Lazika Masterplan
Guggenheim Museum
eVolo 2012 Skyscraper
2012 Habitat Youth BUILD
City of Arts and Sciences
Dancing Dragons
Recycled vinyl at the
WAN LIGHTING AWARDS 2012
Record-breaking swimming
Honduras - Charter City
Priority School Building
Luftschloss
Maschinenfabrik Oerlikon
VILLA TUGENDHAT
LEED 2012
Glacial Water Bottling
WAN AWARDS 2012 Healthcare
2012 WAN Hotel of the Year
National Stadium
I Love Architecture Auction
AIA concerns over U.S.
Mosque and Islamic Centre
Maggie’s Cancer Caring
WAN 21 for 21 Award
European Spallation Source
Capri Power Station
WAN AWARDS 2012 Healthcare
4 World Trade Center
Corruption Eradication
Rock-Sette Disaster
CTV Building Inquiry
THE SELFRIDGES BEAUTY
FIELD OF LIGHT
New International Trade
Battersea Power Station
Aquatics Centre and Field
New technology park
Global stadia by FCC
425 Park Avenue
World Cities Network
Formula 1 Lotus Sculpture
Monolithic apartment block
AllesWirdGut
Floriade 2022
Peter Murray Protests for
World Architecture Day
Xiqu Centre
Nelson Mandela Legacy
Egar Mueller street art
Imperial Plaza Sky
City of Dreams Pavilion
HOTEL BALZAC
London 2012 Olympic Park
The Golden Temple
iPad winner
Stirling Prize Shortlist
2012 RIBA Lubetkin Prize
Ingfah Restaurant
Today's Tenders
San Antonio Library, Texas
Anish Kapoor exhibition
The Center for Innovation,
Today's Tenders
Olympic Opening Ceremony
Martin Luther King Junior
RIBA and Fees Bureau's
Today's Tenders
THE VIOLIN FACTORY
WALLPAPER BY DEBORAH
CLAYWORKS
Protection for heritage
WAN China
London 2012 Olympics sets
WAN AWARDS 2012 Civic
WAN AWARDS 2012
CIOB Photography
WAN Effectiveness award
Increase in Chinese
Today's Tenders
Breaking News: China
World Architecture Day
Better cities, better lives
Better cities, better lives
Natural History Museum
Better cities, better lives
Today's Tenders
WAN's top 100
Highlights from the Venice
Better cities, better lives
Senkaku & Diaoyu
Renovated synagogue, Poland
Today's Tenders
Forest Mews, Forest Hill
Interviews from La
Vallecas Housing
Will Alsop
Airbus 4D Light Show
CIOB Photography
Tottenham Rejuvenation
10x10 Drawing the City
WAN Adaptive Re-use Award
Michael Hammond podcast
Flawed construction
Sliced Porosity
Rethink Vancouver
CTBUH 2012 Shanghai 9th
The Value of Quality
Today's Tenders
Veracruz Architects
Ode À La Vie
World Architecture Day -
2012 WAN AWARDS Civic
Today's Tenders
World Architecture Day
World Architecture Day
World Architecture Day
World Architecture Day
World Architecture Day
World Architecture Day
World Architecture Day
Austerity School Plans
Highline for London
VIEW Showcase
Today's Tenders
The Architecture of James
Student Competition Winner
Flat Pack Design
Today's Tenders
2012 WAN Product of the
2012 WAN Effectiveness
WAN AWARDS 2012 Transport
STARBUCKS ESPESSO JOURNEY
WAN winners speak at WAD
Today's Tenders
Bhartiya City
Hurricane Sandy hits
10x10
WAN AWARDS 2012 Transport
Masjid an-Nabawi Mosque
New National Stadium
Mercury City
2012 WAN Urban
WAN AWARDS 2012 Urban
New skyline for Tel Aviv
Sustainability: Where are
Today's Tenders
London’s future hub
East or West?
Reader Image of the Week:
Sustainability: Where are
WAN Workspace Interiors
Sustainability: Where are
Tsunami-resistant port
INSTACON
SkyCity
Shipping Container Homes
We want your reviews!
Obituary: Oscar Niemeyer
WAN AWARDS 2012 Commercial
Report: CTV Building
Oscar Niemeyer 1907-2012
Sydney International
WAN AWARDS 2012 Adaptive
Today's Tenders
Reader Review:
Reader Review:
WAN Adaptive Re-use Award
WAN AWARDS 2012 Commercial
Season of Goodwill: The
2013 Honours List
Festina Lente
Designing for better
$11bn investment in
Today's Tenders
Ada Louise Huxtable
World Architecture Day 2013
Iceberg
Broken Bridge II
Chicago Building Fire
Experts Comment: The
Sinkhole appears in
Deal struck for promotion
2012 WAN House of the Year
WAN AWARDS 2012
WAN Sustainable Building
New City of El-Menia
Ambulance Playground
WAN AWARDS 2012
Less is More: Should
Bow Street Magistrates
Rational House
Hotel Wiesergut
The LEGO House
'Designing for Champions'
Reinvent the Payphones
361 Degrees Conference
eVolo 2013 Skyscraper
[PACIFIC] New Ocean
MIPIM Awards 2013
Steel structure shelters
Design and dementia
Shortlist announced for
Topshelf by Greyroom
Australia 108
New scandal in Chinese
Joao Havelange Stadium
40-storey hotel engulfed
Park Inn Radisson Hotel in
Penn Station
Reasons why Denise Scott
Preston Bus Station
American Folk Art Museum
2013 WAN AWARDS Education
21 for 21 Award 2013
Regent Street Windows
WAN AWARDS 2013 Education
Portland to Portland
Jan Shrem and Maria
Aga Khan Award for
Miami Beach Convention
21 for 21 Award Exhibition
Swiss report on the health
Penn Station
Breaking News
Hôpital Universitaire de
Goethean Science Building
Vertical Forest Building
CONRAN TO JUDGE WIN AWARDS
Architecture: Steiner
Container Vacation House
KONE UltraRope(TM)
Dayiwul Lirlmim
WAN AWARDS 2013 Healthcare
2013 WAN Hotel of the Year
Portland 2 Portland
CTBUH 2013: Height and
Denise Scott Brown and the
Exbury Egg
Portland 2 Portland
Israel's Architectural
Torre David
2012 London Olympic
2013 WAN Hotel of the Year
PET bottle installation
WAN AWARDS 2013 Healthcare
KGH Tower, Bahrain Bay
Towards 8 Billion: Housing
Museum for Underwater
Podcast: Portland 2
The Langham
+ Pool
Bank of England App
Portland 2 Portland
Heathrow Airport
2013 RIBA Stirling Prize
UK Airport Debate
From Elephant & Castle
Flinders Street Station
Madison Square Garden
House of Peroni
Sky City
Singapore Life Church
House of Peroni
CityVision Rio Competition
Flinders Street Station
Endless Stair, Tate Modern
Windhover Contemplative
Culture Shed
'Hyperloop'
Rebuild by Design
Hudson River Park
QueensWay
White Collar Factory and
The Langham
2017 World Expo
Nyt Hospital Nordsjælland
Open House
Ground/Work
Aga Khan Award for
Tokyo to host 2020 Summer
Southbank Centre
The SPA
Architects House Exchange
The City of Dreams
Emporis Skyscraper Award
Metropolitan Police
George Washington
Clermont Hotel and
WAD13 Evening Reception
Sagrada Familia
World Architecture Day
MAG Group Residences
The Lagoons
WAD Report: Building on
Stavros Niarchos
A Dolls' House
Tokyo Stadium comes under
WAD13: Jay Cross
WAD13: Craig Dykers
WAD13: Practical Utopias
WAD13: Yama Karim
WAD13: Waterfronts Today
Workshop: Evolutions in
WAD13 Round-up
Earl Shapiro Hall
Energy Bunker
Interview: Alex Ely
Battersea Power Station:
Sydney Architecture
New possibilities in
World Trade Center
A Dolls' House charity
University of Manitoba
10 x 10
Possible changes afoot for
Mini M
Raouche Skywalk
Expo 2020 Dubai
Outlet Village Kievsky and
Royal Adelaide Hospital
Çanakkale Antenna Tower
Iniala Beach House
National Centre for
Axel Springer Media Campus
Palace of Westminster
The best architecture
Park or parking lot?
Festive Feature - March
Kimbell Art Museum
Interview: Nico
Clearpoint Residencies
NYRP EDGE/ucation Pavilion
Inaugure Hospitality
Schüller Showroom
Park Russia
Bridge as sustainable
Alumni Hall at Vanderbilt
The Photographer's House
Demolition of American
Shard Number 3
EDITION Hotel, Times Square
Shop Talk: Will Alsop
Street Smart
Growing Underground
Showcase: Year of the Snake
Frank Lloyd Wright and the
2014 Sochi Winter Olympic
World Architecture Day
Hy-Fi, MoMA
432 Park Avenue
Designing with Nature
Reversed tributary housing
In other news...
Kiosk Exhibition
Sommelier's Home
In other news...
Nobel Center
Shop Talk: Morten Schmidt
In other news...
Shop Talk: Bob Fry
Residential property
Arbre Blanc
July 22 Memorial
WAN Survey
In other news...
Serpentine Pavilion 2014
la Biennale di Venezia:
In other news...
Ferrari Land
Review: Being an Architect
Shop Talk: Morag Morrison
Museum of Modern Art and
North West Cambridge
RIBA Shanghai Xintiandi
Battersea Power Station:
The Farrell Review
Report: Concrete Action
UK Pavilion for Milan Expo
Liverpool Flyover
3D Printed Houses
BUS:STOP Krumbach
WAD14 Editorial: Transport
Mackintosh Building,
Kaleido
Golden Lion: Phyllis
Skyscraper Competition
Cellular Tessellation
Pont des Arts
14th International
Frazer Stokes
Vitra Slide Tower
RIBA Manser Medal
Tech Focus
City Beach NYC
Sokolniki Park of Culture
Breaking News
BioCasa_82
Breaking News
Clark Art Institute
Mall of the World
Wanda Skyscraper
Nobel Qur’an Oasis
Heathrow City
Stirling Prize Shortlist
PSES Building
Heron Tower to become
WAD14 Partnership with Mr.
Lucas Museum of Narrative
Sir Richard MacCormac:
Interview: OTXOTORENA
River Champagne Bar
The Structural Awards 2014
SMALL ARCHITECTURE NOW!
RiF010 Water Sports Arena
Interview: Tomas Koolhaas
Interview: Richard Glover
Still listening after all
WAN Facade Award
Urban Shade
Guggenheim Cruise Ship
Al Maktoum International
We Are The City
AND Film Festival
Guggenheim Museum
World Architecture Day 2014
ASH
Danish Education Design
WAN Mobile
Underwood-Pavilion
Mont Tremblant Discovery
Long Museum West Bund
WAN Sustainable Building
Ledge House
Ciputra International
LEAF Awards 2014 winners
11th Street Bridge Park
Taichung Condominium Tower
RIBA international design
Technology and Design
The Architects' Ball
Wunderbugs
University of Pembangunan
Guggenheim Helsinki
Dr. Verna and Peter
Situation Room, Storefront
Yinchuan Greenland Center
Parliament - Senate -
Interview: LAVA
Richardson's Yard
Building the Essence
10x10 Drawing the City,
Léon Blum viaduct
Future Ground
Sunrise to High-Rise
'Sancaklar Mosque'
Leventis Art Gallery
Roche corporate
Super Tower
Unboxed
Lincs2Nepal
Køge North Station
Book Review: Cabins by
Oaks Prague Competition
Mesa City Center
The Attendant
Mackintosh Building,
Case Study: The Safety
Guggenheim Helsinki Design
Millharbour Village
Holiday Reading
 
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