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Diary from Africa
Jon Beswick

London architect Jon Beswick, 27, has left the UK on an epic 48,000km overland trip circumnavigating Africa, during which he and his travel partner, strategy consultant Charlie Curtis, will build shelters for HIV clinics and raise money for UK charity One to One Children's Fund. Until 24 February, Jon was working as a project architect for Sacks Maguire Architects on high-end residential projects in Belgravia and Hampstead with construction budgets of £2,000,000. The budget for each shelter, which he is designing, is only a few hundred pounds and will pay for local labour and materials. Over the next few months Jon will be writing a diary for WAN as his adventure continues...

It’s been a long and extremely hard month and once again I’m writing in darkness. Unlike the cafe in Gibraltar, this isn’t a power cut…there is simply no power. I’m now vehicle-less in Guinea, in a mud hut with no running water, no power, no central heating, in fact very little at all. Since leaving Gibraltar, Charlie and I caught a ferry into Morocco, then drove through Western Sahara, Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Senegal (again), Guinea Bissau and into Guinea. On route the scenery has changed from arid desert to topical forests with everything in between. Along our journey, I have recorded, sketched, visited and slept in local dwellings, which always adapt to meet these hugely varied climatic conditions. I’m constantly amazed by the ingenuity of the locals to construct and mediate the harsh conditions that they live in, with nothing but the materials found around them. In some cases I’ve seen shelters that have been constructed out of cars and washing machines…a sad reflection of the genius loci of urbanisation.

MOROCCO

Most of us are aware of the romantic images associated with Moroccan Kasbahs and the Bedouin tents of the indigo clad Berbers. The tent is a hugely important structure all across the Sahara, spread originally by the nomadic camel traders. Strips of cloth are sewn together on ground looms or by hand, originally made of goat hair, we now see brilliant white canvases reflecting the desert sun. These are held in tension with anchored ropes, the number of which varies depending on the size. Either one central pole or a ridge (to prevent pole piercing the fabric) gives the tent shape. The fabric creates a dark and cool space inside and contracts in the wet to protect its inhabitants. Beduin tents in the Atlas Mountains have steeper pitches for snow than the flatter variants in the Mauritanian desert.

WESTERN SAHARA

Although technically part of Morocco, Western Sahara is a totally different animal when it comes to shelter. Saharan sands blow across its bulk meeting the sea all the way down its length. It is the juxtaposition of the sea meeting the desert that has produced mini fortresses at Guiluem. All the way along the coast, fishermen cast lines off the cliffs and shelter in rocks, driftwood, fishing netting and other spoils from the sea. All the shelters are small boxes with walls constructed of rocks from the desert or driftwood from the sea. There are no windows due to high winds and the entrances are small and sealed with driftwood. The roofs are typically tarpaulin or sacking and tied directly to the walls with rope and or fishing net. Some are totally covered in netting and resemble the fish that end up inside them.

MAURITANIA

There’s a local saying that there’s so much sand in Mauritania that it permeates your soul. With a tiny population and a lot of desert, the architecture isn’t pretentious but shelters Mauritanians from the ferocious Saharan sun and sand. Like the rest of the Sahara the nomadic tent is commonplace but equally so is the wooden shack and less commonly mud bricked houses with pitched roofs. Buildings are the most dilapidated we’ve seen and appear to be thrown together in haste out of anything that can be salvaged from land or sea. With no vegetation there is a distinct lack of building materials here and it is here in the populated capital Nouakchott that houses are constructed of rubbish. Mechanics live in car boxes, washing machines and old tyres form walls and every building is totally different except for the basic necessity of providing shade.

SENEGAL

The climatic change from Mauritania to Senegal is stark. Senegal is broken with mangroves, huge reserves and is far lusher than its neighbour Mauritania. Consequently houses on stilts aren’t uncommon especially around the mangrove areas. The majority of other dwellings are square mud huts with almost domed thatched roofs. The roofs are constructed from stick frames and thatched on the ground, built up in layers to water proof and underlined with empty sacks. The size and square shapes of the buildings are far more uniform than in The Gambia for instance due to the size restriction of the thatched roofs. Walls are either stacked mud bricks, reeds on a wooden frame or left open on a timber-framed structure to simply provide shade. Like every country we’ve visited modern structures are concrete frame boxes erected cheaply and quickly. A three bedroom house here can be built for £1000.

THE GAMBIA

The British influence in the Gambia is startling. Houses are much closer in appearance to Western style homes. They are larger, rectangular in plan with larger windows and doors. Roofs are so commonly clad in corrugated on steel or wooden A-frames. I’m informed there is a large corrugated-iron factory in the Gambia and sheets are cheap. Even in the country villages use the iron sheets on line houses to provide shelter for as many as twenty people.

GUINEA BISSAU

Architecturally Guinea Bissau is very similar to Guinea. It’s the first tropical rainforest district we’ve driven through. Dwellings outside the capital are mainly of the mud hut, thatched roof variety. Roofs overhang and extend almost to the floor providing covered shelter outside. Locals congregate under these awnings, which are propped up on thick wooden props. Missing mud bricks provide airflow and limited light, as windows seem to be non-existent. We stayed in one such hut near Igore, inside the dwelling was dark and cool with beds carefully positioned around a central food and tea preparating area. There is a wide range of shapes and sizes of hut here but almost all are constructed of thatch on mud bricks that have been dried in the sun.

GUINEA

As one of the poorest of the countries in Africa, Guinea it is one of the most exciting countries architecturally. Outside the corrugated iron slums of the capital Conakry, the majority of the population live in basic mud huts without running water, electricity or paved roads. In the small village near Koumbia a local man shows us around his house which is under construction. Circular in form, with mud brick walls and a thatched roof, it is typical of the houses in this area. What is exciting for me is, that this group of houses (for an extended family), displays the first exterior decoration we’ve seen. The mud brick walls are plastered externally with mud and water dug from a large hole in the ground only meters away. Different coloured sands have then been used to paint patterns on each of the dwellings. The house under construction is larger and consists of a circular wall within a circular wall. The inner area is for living/ cooking while the exterior ring is for sleeping. Shaped air vents in the exterior wall provide cooling. The owner informs us it will take just three weeks to construct; they are rushing to finish before the rainy season.

PROBLEM OF TYPE

The relentless pursuit of the identification of typologies in vernacular architecture is as prevalent as classification of styles in the history of architectural discourse. The very nature of vernacular architecture inhibits its classification as the vernacular depends on tradition, social norms, domestic priorities, climate and the availability of skills and materials. These factors vary country-to-country, region-to-region, village-to-village and even family-to-family within villages. Grouping the architecture of Guinea Bissau into type for example can be reduced to a few, I was told a Swedish team recently identified 6 major form types consisting of sub categories within them. I suspect they would have found even less in Guinea as the mud-bricked hut is so widespread, but this ignores the subtle but important variations from village to village. As mentioned, huts are commonly grouped together by family and often architectural tools identify these clans. Walls are painted with family motifs, ventilation holes again form identifying patterns, even the men are scarred with lines on their temples to identify tribes. Different pitched roofs depend on rain volume, and wall colour depends on the adjacent mud. There are millions of slight variants which arise from the personal preferences of the inhabitants.

The other major problem with type is that these African villages are changing faster than at anytime in history. While retaining tradition styles and shapes, technological advances are beginning to have a huge impact. The spread of mobile phones and the Internet is rapid, Internet access can be found in huts powered by generators. Many of us think of vernacular architecture as villages of mud huts, in the middle of tropical forests but urbanisation is also affecting vernacular styles. Urbanisation is a modern trend that will only continue to grow. For the poor living in urban squalor, construction of shelter has the same priorities as their tropical forest relatives. The only difference is, that instead of using adjacent mud they use adjacent rubbish from cars, to washing machines, to cardboard, to old train carriages. Just as important as the supporting infrastructure of the road network are the huge communities in Africa living next to train tracks who provide various supporting services to the rail industry.

DILAPIDATION

In every country we’ve visited the dilapidation and deterioration of buildings is prevalent. In the West there is a tendency to overbuild, mass and wall size exceed the everyday live load requirements from people, wind etc. As a result western buildings tend to last, in poorer African countries buildings tend to be ‘under built’… if finished at all. This is partly to protect inhabitants during failure, partly if structures are temporary, such as the nomadic Berbers and partly due to lack of resources. The biggest problems faced by African builders and all vernacular buildings are a result of the dead load of the roof, it’s weight carried by the walls. The resulting movement is mainly left untreated and buildings continue to be occupied until collapse. In the desert in Mauritania we often saw the timber shacks approaching 45-degree angles, in Guinea mud walls buckle until large holes in walls demand attention. The Western approach to this age old problem is often to triangulate using a ‘tie beam’. Here I have yet to see any form of lateral restraint because it inhibits usable space. The vernacular solution is to use lightweight roofs and heavy weight walls. When failure does occur, possibly as a result of the rainy season, the problem area can be quickly rebuilt. Often I’ve seen second roofs that have been erected on the ground, ready to be lifted onto walls to replace the old. The other main advantage of the heavy walled construction is its inherent thermal mass mediates climatic fluctuations. Visiting these dwellings I for one am grateful and impressed by the effectiveness of their ability to protect their inhabitants.

See fantastic images of indigenous buildings from Jon's tour here

 

 

WAN Editorial



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'Dalian Aeropolis, the
Tulane University Student
LEGO
WAN AWARDS 2011
Paper Planes, Nicolas
Objects of Change
Kingdom Tower
Shanghai Disney Resort
Colorado State University
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WAN AWARDS 2011
WAN App
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EUROLUCE 2011
BREAKING NEWS: TORD BOONTJE
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Yale University
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Strange But True
Pan Am Games Award Pavilion
WAN AWARDS – Hotel of
Tower of Pisa
WAN AWARDS – Healthcare
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Helsinki Music Centre
Tesseract Humanitarian
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City of Gandhinagar
smart Future Minds
London 2012 Shooting Venue
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Civic
World Trade Center update
MILAN FURNITURE FAIR 2011
WAN AWARDS 2011
RIBA International Awards
208 West 96th Street
Open House Conference
Bosch Art Film Festival
Sketchbook
Intersections:
Apple HQ
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Hotel of
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Work in Progress
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Work in Progress
DETAIL Magazine
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WAN AWARDS 2011 - Hotel of
Coffee with an Architect
ICFF 2011
CLERKENWELL DESIGN WEEK
Nebuta-no-ie Warrase
WAN AWARDS 2011 -
Taiwan competitions
Work in Progress
Pulsen – The Community
Shahama and Bahia
Wales Institute for
Central Delaware River
The Glass Room
Work in Progress
DETAIL Magazine
Taiwan competitions
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Work in Progress
Praemium Imperiale
Before I Die...
WAN INTERIORS + DESIGN
Venice Cityvision
Work in Progress
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Bauhaus Museum
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New Practices New York and
European Copper in
DEADLINE CHAPTER 3
Is-land
Indiana State University
Work in Progress
DETAIL Magazine
Architect Barbie®
$300 House Open Design
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DEADLINE CHAPTER 4
The Art of Building
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AIA Pavilion
Orchids & Onions Awards
Historic Park Inn Hotel
Ponte dell'Accademia
Why don't our workspaces
WAN INTERIORS + DESIGN
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Civic
WAN AWARDS 2011- Product
DEADLINE CHAPTER 5
Rawhide: The New Shingle
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Civic
Victoria Theatre and
Jerusalem Light Railway
Effectiveness in
DEADLIINE CHAPTER 6
Bering Strait tunnel
ROOMSCAPES OF THE
Health Centre for the
Bancroft on Sunday
WAN AWARDS 2011- Product
Talk to Me
One Green Street
10,000th LEED Building
Tallinn Architecture
2012 Industry Outlook
BJDW ALT, Parsons The New
DEADLINE CHAPTER 6
Detail
Martin Luther King Jr
EXPO City
How 9/11 changed Lower
Open City
WAN AWARDS 2011 -
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Colour
Architect Twitter Map
WAN AWARDS Colour in
COMMENT: ZIBA
China silenced by illegal
LEAF Awards 2011
Still Movement
Danish architects lead the
Private Residence,
Cityscape Global Awards
RIBA Curriculum
Architecture Film Festival
2012 World Monuments Watch
Urban design in Cairo
ECO WAN Feature
Colour Futures
Sjunkhatten National Park
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Urban
WAN AWARDS 2011 -
Longxi International Hotel
Marthagården Day Care
Siódemka
New Chairman of the CTBUH
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Urban
WAN AWARDS 2011 -
WAN AWARDS Commercial
WAN Colour in Architecture
A Zen approach to
IRTBBC
Tom Kundig: Houses 2
Dean vacancy at Illinois
Haramain High Speed Rail
WAN Colour in Architecture
CTBUH Best Tall Building
ECOWAN AWARDS 2012
Battery-Powered Building,
The Center for
WAN Product of the Year
World Future Energy Summit
Cracks appear in Olympic
COMMENT: CHALK ARCHITECTURE
DETAIL Magazine
Campaign for sustainable
£5 Olympic Coins
Michael Hammond interviews
Hospital numbers to
WAN AWARDS 2011 –
WAN House of the Year
BOOK REVIEW: THE ART OF
City-wide masterplan
Building the Revolution:
Jørn Utzon workshop
Ski slope cabin
Shower theory turned on
Bamboo Chocolate Factory
DETAIL Magazine
St. Petersburg Pier
2012 Royal Gold Medal for
Parque Termal Dolores
Olympic Park competition
African American Cultural
Energy Surplus House
Gales wreck wind turbines
Hyotan hot spings
10x10 Review
2011 WAN AWARDS Colour
2011 WAN AWARDS Commercial
Palestinian Museum
Queen Elizabeth Olympic
The top 10 stories of 2011
WAN AWARDS 2011 –
2011 WAN AWARDS Commercial
WAN House of the Year
Tarlungeni Open Space
CARE International Tsunami
Steve Jobs Statue
WAN launches three new
Cost saving scandal casts
Colour in architecture
HS2
Hotel de Glace
T30 Hotel
Guggenheim Museum
RUN, Olympic Park
RIBA President’s Medals
Financial experts voice
Kodak’s legacy
Plastic Bottle Lights
RULA Maps
Three buildings collapse
Strange But True
Building Trust
The Near and the Elsewhere
The Finnish line
MoMA PS1 Performance Dome
120 Hours
Education design forced to
Wind Turbines
CTV Building
African Union Headquarters
WAN House of the Year
2011 WAN AWARDS
Cultural Projects
Case Study: 15 Union
Jiri Pelcl - The
2011 WAN AWARDS
WAN AWARDS 21 FOR 21
Napoleonland
ENYA Harlem Edge Design
Inspiration and Process in
Moscow Agglomeration
New York’s Center for
Zap' Ados
Lusail Marina Mall
Green Building and Climate
WAN INTERIOR DESIGN AWARDS
Ben Marshall joins WAN
Levitated Mass
Museum of Contemporary Art
Paul Morgan Architects
Made in USA - German
Future Housing
Wacom Inkling
Air Danshin Systems Inc
Angkor Wat Replica
North West Cambridge
The Architect Trailer
Sino-Singapore Tianjin
Changes to UK Planning Laws
Book Review: Spomenik and
Healthcare Awards get
Pedestrian Bridge
ACE signs Tangiers
New NPPF finalised
WAN AWARDS 2012 21 for 21
WAN AWARDS 2012 Education
New York Works Program
Vissershok Primary School
Urban Explorers climb the
'From Beijing to London:
WAN AWARDS 2012 Education
Citizens of No Place: An
Nuclear Test Site
New addition to WAN
Azerbaijan Tower
What makes an architect?
Earthquake Experiments at
WAN Jobs
WAN AWARDS 2012 21 for 21
Orangutans as Engineers
Kampala - Entebbe Highway
Aga Khan Award for
WAN Innovation Network
Qatar 2022 Supreme
Lazika Masterplan
Guggenheim Museum
eVolo 2012 Skyscraper
2012 Habitat Youth BUILD
City of Arts and Sciences
Dancing Dragons
Recycled vinyl at the
WAN LIGHTING AWARDS 2012
Record-breaking swimming
Honduras - Charter City
Priority School Building
Luftschloss
Maschinenfabrik Oerlikon
VILLA TUGENDHAT
LEED 2012
Glacial Water Bottling
WAN AWARDS 2012 Healthcare
2012 WAN Hotel of the Year
National Stadium
I Love Architecture Auction
AIA concerns over U.S.
Mosque and Islamic Centre
Maggie’s Cancer Caring
WAN 21 for 21 Award
European Spallation Source
Capri Power Station
WAN AWARDS 2012 Healthcare
4 World Trade Center
Corruption Eradication
Rock-Sette Disaster
CTV Building Inquiry
THE SELFRIDGES BEAUTY
FIELD OF LIGHT
New International Trade
Battersea Power Station
Aquatics Centre and Field
New technology park
Global stadia by FCC
425 Park Avenue
World Cities Network
Formula 1 Lotus Sculpture
Monolithic apartment block
AllesWirdGut
Floriade 2022
Peter Murray Protests for
World Architecture Day
Xiqu Centre
Nelson Mandela Legacy
Egar Mueller street art
Imperial Plaza Sky
City of Dreams Pavilion
HOTEL BALZAC
London 2012 Olympic Park
The Golden Temple
iPad winner
Stirling Prize Shortlist
2012 RIBA Lubetkin Prize
Ingfah Restaurant
Today's Tenders
San Antonio Library, Texas
Anish Kapoor exhibition
The Center for Innovation,
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Olympic Opening Ceremony
Martin Luther King Junior
RIBA and Fees Bureau's
Today's Tenders
THE VIOLIN FACTORY
WALLPAPER BY DEBORAH
CLAYWORKS
Protection for heritage
WAN China
London 2012 Olympics sets
WAN AWARDS 2012 Civic
WAN AWARDS 2012
CIOB Photography
WAN Effectiveness award
Increase in Chinese
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Breaking News: China
World Architecture Day
Better cities, better lives
Better cities, better lives
Natural History Museum
Better cities, better lives
Today's Tenders
WAN's top 100
Highlights from the Venice
Better cities, better lives
Senkaku & Diaoyu
Renovated synagogue, Poland
Today's Tenders
Forest Mews, Forest Hill
Interviews from La
Vallecas Housing
Will Alsop
Airbus 4D Light Show
CIOB Photography
Tottenham Rejuvenation
10x10 Drawing the City
WAN Adaptive Re-use Award
Michael Hammond podcast
Flawed construction
Sliced Porosity
Rethink Vancouver
CTBUH 2012 Shanghai 9th
The Value of Quality
Today's Tenders
Veracruz Architects
Ode À La Vie
World Architecture Day -
2012 WAN AWARDS Civic
Today's Tenders
World Architecture Day
World Architecture Day
World Architecture Day
World Architecture Day
World Architecture Day
World Architecture Day
World Architecture Day
Austerity School Plans
Highline for London
VIEW Showcase
Today's Tenders
The Architecture of James
Student Competition Winner
Flat Pack Design
Today's Tenders
2012 WAN Product of the
2012 WAN Effectiveness
WAN AWARDS 2012 Transport
STARBUCKS ESPESSO JOURNEY
WAN winners speak at WAD
Today's Tenders
Bhartiya City
Hurricane Sandy hits
10x10
WAN AWARDS 2012 Transport
Masjid an-Nabawi Mosque
New National Stadium
Mercury City
2012 WAN Urban
WAN AWARDS 2012 Urban
New skyline for Tel Aviv
Sustainability: Where are
Today's Tenders
London’s future hub
East or West?
Reader Image of the Week:
Sustainability: Where are
WAN Workspace Interiors
Sustainability: Where are
Tsunami-resistant port
INSTACON
SkyCity
Shipping Container Homes
We want your reviews!
Obituary: Oscar Niemeyer
WAN AWARDS 2012 Commercial
Report: CTV Building
Oscar Niemeyer 1907-2012
Sydney International
WAN AWARDS 2012 Adaptive
Today's Tenders
Reader Review:
Reader Review:
WAN Adaptive Re-use Award
WAN AWARDS 2012 Commercial
Season of Goodwill: The
2013 Honours List
Festina Lente
Designing for better
$11bn investment in
Today's Tenders
Ada Louise Huxtable
World Architecture Day 2013
Iceberg
Broken Bridge II
Chicago Building Fire
Experts Comment: The
Sinkhole appears in
Deal struck for promotion
2012 WAN House of the Year
WAN AWARDS 2012
WAN Sustainable Building
New City of El-Menia
Ambulance Playground
WAN AWARDS 2012
Less is More: Should
Bow Street Magistrates
Rational House
Hotel Wiesergut
The LEGO House
'Designing for Champions'
Reinvent the Payphones
361 Degrees Conference
eVolo 2013 Skyscraper
[PACIFIC] New Ocean
MIPIM Awards 2013
Steel structure shelters
Design and dementia
Shortlist announced for
Topshelf by Greyroom
Australia 108
New scandal in Chinese
Joao Havelange Stadium
40-storey hotel engulfed
Park Inn Radisson Hotel in
Penn Station
Reasons why Denise Scott
Preston Bus Station
American Folk Art Museum
2013 WAN AWARDS Education
21 for 21 Award 2013
Regent Street Windows
WAN AWARDS 2013 Education
Portland to Portland
Jan Shrem and Maria
Aga Khan Award for
Miami Beach Convention
21 for 21 Award Exhibition
Swiss report on the health
Penn Station
Breaking News
Hôpital Universitaire de
Goethean Science Building
Vertical Forest Building
CONRAN TO JUDGE WIN AWARDS
Architecture: Steiner
Container Vacation House
KONE UltraRope(TM)
Dayiwul Lirlmim
WAN AWARDS 2013 Healthcare
2013 WAN Hotel of the Year
Portland 2 Portland
CTBUH 2013: Height and
Denise Scott Brown and the
Exbury Egg
Portland 2 Portland
Israel's Architectural
Torre David
2012 London Olympic
2013 WAN Hotel of the Year
PET bottle installation
WAN AWARDS 2013 Healthcare
KGH Tower, Bahrain Bay
Towards 8 Billion: Housing
Museum for Underwater
Podcast: Portland 2
The Langham
+ Pool
Bank of England App
Portland 2 Portland
Heathrow Airport
2013 RIBA Stirling Prize
UK Airport Debate
From Elephant & Castle
Flinders Street Station
Madison Square Garden
House of Peroni
Sky City
Singapore Life Church
House of Peroni
CityVision Rio Competition
Flinders Street Station
Endless Stair, Tate Modern
Windhover Contemplative
Culture Shed
'Hyperloop'
Rebuild by Design
Hudson River Park
QueensWay
White Collar Factory and
The Langham
2017 World Expo
Nyt Hospital Nordsjælland
Open House
Ground/Work
Aga Khan Award for
Tokyo to host 2020 Summer
Southbank Centre
The SPA
Architects House Exchange
The City of Dreams
Emporis Skyscraper Award
Metropolitan Police
George Washington
Clermont Hotel and
WAD13 Evening Reception
Sagrada Familia
World Architecture Day
MAG Group Residences
The Lagoons
WAD Report: Building on
Stavros Niarchos
A Dolls' House
Tokyo Stadium comes under
WAD13: Jay Cross
WAD13: Craig Dykers
WAD13: Practical Utopias
WAD13: Yama Karim
WAD13: Waterfronts Today
Workshop: Evolutions in
WAD13 Round-up
Earl Shapiro Hall
Energy Bunker
Interview: Alex Ely
Battersea Power Station:
Sydney Architecture
New possibilities in
World Trade Center
A Dolls' House charity
University of Manitoba
10 x 10
Possible changes afoot for
Mini M
Raouche Skywalk
Expo 2020 Dubai
Outlet Village Kievsky and
Royal Adelaide Hospital
Çanakkale Antenna Tower
Iniala Beach House
National Centre for
Axel Springer Media Campus
Palace of Westminster
The best architecture
Park or parking lot?
Festive Feature - March
Kimbell Art Museum
Interview: Nico
Clearpoint Residencies
NYRP EDGE/ucation Pavilion
Inaugure Hospitality
Schüller Showroom
Park Russia
Bridge as sustainable
Alumni Hall at Vanderbilt
The Photographer's House
Demolition of American
Shard Number 3
EDITION Hotel, Times Square
Shop Talk: Will Alsop
Street Smart
Growing Underground
Showcase: Year of the Snake
Frank Lloyd Wright and the
2014 Sochi Winter Olympic
World Architecture Day
Hy-Fi, MoMA
432 Park Avenue
Designing with Nature
Reversed tributary housing
In other news...
Kiosk Exhibition
Sommelier's Home
In other news...
Nobel Center
Shop Talk: Morten Schmidt
In other news...
Shop Talk: Bob Fry
Residential property
Arbre Blanc
July 22 Memorial
WAN Survey
In other news...
Serpentine Pavilion 2014
la Biennale di Venezia:
In other news...
Ferrari Land
Review: Being an Architect
Shop Talk: Morag Morrison
Museum of Modern Art and
North West Cambridge
RIBA Shanghai Xintiandi
Battersea Power Station:
The Farrell Review
Report: Concrete Action
UK Pavilion for Milan Expo
Liverpool Flyover
3D Printed Houses
BUS:STOP Krumbach
WAD14 Editorial: Transport
Mackintosh Building,
Kaleido
Golden Lion: Phyllis
Skyscraper Competition
Cellular Tessellation
Pont des Arts
14th International
Frazer Stokes
Vitra Slide Tower
RIBA Manser Medal
Tech Focus
City Beach NYC
Sokolniki Park of Culture
Breaking News
BioCasa_82
Breaking News
Clark Art Institute
Mall of the World
Wanda Skyscraper
Nobel Qur’an Oasis
Heathrow City
Stirling Prize Shortlist
PSES Building
Heron Tower to become
WAD14 Partnership with Mr.
Lucas Museum of Narrative
Sir Richard MacCormac:
Interview: OTXOTORENA
River Champagne Bar
The Structural Awards 2014
SMALL ARCHITECTURE NOW!
RiF010 Water Sports Arena
Interview: Tomas Koolhaas
Interview: Richard Glover
Still listening after all
WAN Facade Award
Urban Shade
Guggenheim Cruise Ship
Al Maktoum International
We Are The City
AND Film Festival
Guggenheim Museum
World Architecture Day 2014
ASH
Danish Education Design
WAN Mobile
Underwood-Pavilion
Mont Tremblant Discovery
Long Museum West Bund
WAN Sustainable Building
Ledge House
Ciputra International
LEAF Awards 2014 winners
11th Street Bridge Park
Taichung Condominium Tower
RIBA international design
Technology and Design
The Architects' Ball
Wunderbugs
University of Pembangunan
Guggenheim Helsinki
Dr. Verna and Peter
Situation Room, Storefront
Yinchuan Greenland Center
Parliament - Senate -
Interview: LAVA
Richardson's Yard
Building the Essence
10x10 Drawing the City,
Léon Blum viaduct
Future Ground
Sunrise to High-Rise
'Sancaklar Mosque'
Leventis Art Gallery
Roche corporate
Super Tower
Unboxed
Lincs2Nepal
Køge North Station
Book Review: Cabins by
Oaks Prague Competition
Mesa City Center
The Attendant
Mackintosh Building,
Case Study: The Safety
Guggenheim Helsinki Design
Millharbour Village
Holiday Reading
 
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